Chicken Feather Colors 101
Body Colors, Feather Colors, Patterns & More
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Chicken Feather Colors 101
Want to be a poultry aficionado and impress your friends? Knowing the basics about a bird’s coloring can help you do just that. While genetics play an important role in chicken feather coloring, it gets super confusing so we’ll just focus on the fun stuff here.
There are only two pigments that exist within poultry feather genetics: black and red. Every recognized color variety is made up of these two pigments, whether they are enhanced, diluted, or masked. These gene changes are manipulated by humans through selective chicken breeding.
Rooster versus Hen Color
Males always have brighter and more colorful plumage intended to attract a mate. Females typically have more understated and subtle colors to camouflage them while sitting on a nest of eggs.
CHICKEN FEATHER BODY COLORS
Here’s a gallery of the variety of chicken feather colors that are out there. Sometimes, you will find your chicken is a mixed breed and therefore, difficult to determine the breed. To learn how to better describe chickens and identify breeds based on feather colors, you may also want to check out how to describe chicken feather colors, the anatomy of colors, and feather patterns.
A golden brown color of chicken feathers.
Main body and tail of the chicken are solid black. The head, hackles on males and females, and the saddle on males have silvery white feathers with a narrow black stripe through the middle of each feather. The breast feathers are black with a narrow trim of silver.
Solid black that often has a beetle-green luster to the feather.
This term describes a bird’s visual color but is not linked to its genetic makeup. Within the BBR color scheme there are slight variations between breeds. Roosters are very colorful and quite different from hens. Roosters have black body feathers and a black tail, with red hackles, back, shoulders, and parts of the wing. Hens have brown body feathers with yellow-orange hackles or black hackles laced in gold, a salmon breast, and black tail. They maintain the coloring of red jungle fowl, the original ancestor of today’s modern day chickens.
This chicken feather color is a dilution of black, and is generally applied to any bird with a slate gray appearance. Some breeds with blue varieties with black lacing, while others are leaden blue, lemon blue, or blue slate. Self blue in the U.S. and lavender in the U.K. is characterized by a uniform, pale bluish gray color across all feathers.
This color describes an even shade of gold, orange-yellow. Several varieties are solid buff all over, while others have black accents in the tail, neck, or wings.
A dark red brown feather color, darker than bay.
A dark, reddish buff feather color.
This color pattern is a white with black pattern. Roosters have a white head, back, and thighs. The hackles are green-black laced with white lacing, and the main tail and sickles are solid black. Hens have white bodies with black necks laced in white, and some black tail feathers.
A blend of cuckoo barring with Black-Breasted Red, resulting in a cuckoo feathers bird with yellow, orange, and red accents. Roosters will have these accents in hackles, shoulders, and saddles, and hens will only have accents in the hackles.
Characterized by a distinct bar of contrasting color across the wing of the male.
Light brown or tan chicken feather color.
This color pattern is characterized by red/gold and black. Roosters have a red head, hackle, back, and saddle feathers. Fluff is black and the tail is a lustrous greenish black. The wing bow and breast is red/gold with uniform black lacing on each feather. The hen’s head is red/gold. Hackle feathers are black laced with red. Body feathers are red/gold with uniform black lacing.
Feathers that are mahogany colored, with each tip having a crescent-shaped black bar followed by a V-shaped white spangle.
Dark skin that appears purple and is found on the combs, wattles, and face of select breeds.
This body color is very similar to Black-Breasted Red. Roosters look so similar, they can easily be described as one or the other. The notable differences are within the hen’s feather pattern. Hackle feathers are black in the center with a thin border of reddish bay. The overall body color is the same reddish bay with beautiful black pencilings. Each feather should have three black pencilings. The main tail is black except for the top two feathers, which follow the same pattern as the body. This intricate pattern is very visually striking.
A rich dark red or mahogany red. Roosters have glossy red necks, backs, and saddle feathers, with greenish black tail feathers and breasts. Hens have tones varying from gold, to salmon, to brown, to black.
A color pattern seen in Modern and Old English Games. Roosters overall have white bodies, with red/orange hackles, saddle feathers, and wing bows. Hens are white or salmon with golden heads.
Reddish or pinkish buff like the color of cooked salmon. This color is used to describe the breasts of Black-Breasted Red females. In the Salmon variety of body color, hens have a white breast and fluff and the rest of the body is a salmon color. Roosters are more diverse in color.
A color pattern characterized by a silvery white. Roosters have varying shades of white, black, and greenish black feathers. Hens have a salmon breast, gray body, and white hackles with a black center stripe.
This color pattern is characterized by silver and black. Roosters have a silver head, hackle, back, and saddle feathers are silver with a black center strip. Fluff is black, and the tail is a lustrous greenish black. The wing bow and breast is silver with uniform black lacing on each feather. The hen’s head is silver. Hackle feathers are black laced with silver. Body feathers are silver with black lacing.
This color pattern is characterized by silver and black. Roosters have a silver head, hackle, back, and saddle feathers are silver with a black center strip. Breast and fluff are black and the tail is a lustrous greenish black. Hens have a pattern similar to Partridge, however in silver rather than reddish bay. The head is silver, the hackle feathers are black laced with silver, and the body feathers are silver with three black pencilings, giving the overall appearance of a steel gray.
Wheaten chickens look like the color of yellow wheat. Hens are mostly wheat colored with a darker neck and tail. Roosters have more variety in their coloring but are typically a more orange version of Black-Breasted Red.
White feathers are caused by a lack of pigment. Both hens and roosters are all white, all over the body.
HOW TO DESCRIBE CHICKEN FEATHER COLORS
Yellow discoloration of feathers, usually on the back and wing.
Yellow pigments shaded with black, giving a mousey brown appearance.
How light interacts with the surface of a feather, adding dimension to the color.
Feathers dotted with small but irregular spots.
The reddish brown shading on the outside of the wings in Black-Breasted Reds.
A uniform color, unmixed with any other color.
A dark-colored feather having a light shaft.
Plumage that has spots of a different color than the rest of the body. Also known as stippling.
The ends of feathers are marked with a different color.
A distinct mark on the top of a birds wing caused by contrasting colors on the tips of the primary and secondary coverts
A bird with feathers that lay close to the body, giving a sleek appearance.
A bird with feathers that fluff away from the body, giving a fuller appearance.
ANATOMY OF CHICKEN FEATHER COLORS
The main color of body plumage; base color.
The color of the plumage on the back.
The color of the fluff of the feathers, seen when main feathers are lifted.
The feathers of the wing are generally called the flight feathers.
The feathers that cover the primaries on the wing.
The quill feathers of the wing which are visible when the wing is closed.
The stem of the quill part of the feather.
The long, curved feathers of a male’s tail.
The feathers that cover the main tail feathers of the rooster.
The triangular part of the folded wing.
The upper or shoulder part of the wing.
The end of the primaries; the corners or ends of the wing.
The feathers cover the roosts of the secondary quills.
FEATHER PATTERNS IN CHICKENS
Feathers with horizontal stripes (bars) of two colors. Bars can be of equal thickness or one color may be thicker than the other. Barred breeds are usually sex-linked, meaning male chicks and female chicks look distinctly different at hatching.
Irregular barring where the two colors are somewhat indistinct and run into each other. Considered a subtype of barred.
Two lacings of black. First there is the outer black lacing around the edge of the feather, plus the inner or second lacing.
A stripe, edging, or trim all around a feather of contrasting color. Single laced feathering is extremely common in backyard breeds.
Some feathers, but not all, have white tips on the ends. The white is actually a loss of pigment, and gives the bird an indistinct spotted look.
Where the bars on a feather are wide apart.
Narrow outer lacing, which gives the feather a larger open center of ground color.
Distinct thin lines that follow the contour of the feather. Each feather usually has multiple pencilings. They are especially beautiful and intricate in design.
Similar to mottled feathers, but the loss of pigment occurs in the middle of the feather instead of the tip. The tip and base of the feather will be colored, while the middle is white.
Feathers that have irregular “splashes” of contrasting color.
Feathers with a solid center and contrasting color running along the edge. Stripes occur in hackle feathers and some saddle feathers.